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Alcoholic Cardiomyopathy: Causes, Symptoms, and Diagnosis

First, we devised a search strategy to retrieve relevant articles from PubMed. Next, we established inclusion and exclusion criteria to determine the eligibility of articles. Inclusion criteria encompassed articles that focused on ACM or the relationship between alcohol abuse and cardiac dysfunction, involved human subjects or relevant alcoholic cardiomyopathy is especially dangerous because animal models, were written in the English language, and were published within the last 10 years. Meanwhile, we excluded duplicates, case reports, letters, editorials, and reviews not specifically addressing ACM. We then proceeded with screening and selection based on the titles and abstracts of the initial search results.

2 Estimation of prognosis and risk factors in ACM

ACM weakens the heart’s ability to pump blood effectively, leading to heart failure. Because oxygen and nutrients cannot reach all areas of the body that demand them, symptoms like fatigue, shortness of breath, and fluid retention develop quickly. Genetic predisposition and individual susceptibility play a role in determining how alcohol affects an individual’s heart. Some individuals may be more prone to the toxic effects of alcohol on their heart muscle. The primary treatment for ACM involves complete abstinence from alcohol or other drugs. However, some studies show that moderating alcohol consumption may lead to similar health outcomes.

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How we reviewed this article:

Two independent reviewers assessed each article for relevance and eligibility for full-text review. Once the 15 articles were selected (see Appendix Table 1 for the list of included articles), we extracted and organized relevant information from them. According to current knowledge, prolonged and excessive alcohol consumption plays a significant role in inducing oxidative stress within the myocardium.

Blood Tests

In cases where the damage to the heart is severe, the chances of complete recovery are low. Once the damage is considered irreversible, it’s https://ecosoberhouse.com/ difficult for the heart and rest of the body to recover. Your doctor will also ask you about your medical history and drinking habits.

alcoholic cardiomyopathy is especially dangerous because

alcoholic cardiomyopathy is especially dangerous because

Therefore, we did not include medication use and alcohol abstinence as evaluation indices in this study, although these factors may influence all-cause mortality. One of the few papers analysing genetic susceptibility in ACM was published by Fernández-Solà et al[64] in 2002. He compared the prevalence of different polymorphisms of the angiotensin-converting enzyme gene in 30 ACM patients and in 27 alcoholics with normal ventricular function. Furthermore, 89% of the alcoholics with a DD genotype developed ACM, whereas only 13% of those with an II or ID genotype developed this condition. However, this individual susceptibility mediated by polymorphisms of the angiotensin-converting enzyme gene does not appear to be specific to ACM insofar as several diseases, including some that are not of a cardiologic origin, have been related to this genetic finding[65].

Treatment Options for ACM

Dietary Factors

Patterns of Drinking: Binge Drinking

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